Reference Information

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  1. NHS BSA prescription services, prescription cost analysis England 2014 data
  2. Flament F, Bazin R, Laquieze, Rubert V, Simonpietri E, Piot B. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of aging in Caucasian skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2013;6: 221-232.
  3. AS/NZS 2604:2012; Very High SPF 50+ Broad Spectrum

 

The sun and its effects

  1. P.16 Skin Cancer in the UK: The Facts; SCUK
  2. Hiom S (2006) Public awareness regarding UV risks and vitamin D – the challenges for UK skin cancer prevention campaigns. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 92: 161-6
  3. Like most cancers, skin cancer is more common with increasing age, but malignant melanoma is disproportionately high in younger people. Cancer Research UK: UK incidence statistics. Age trends. http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/#AgeTrends (Accessed March 2011).
  4. Cancer Research UK. When do I need to protect myself? [Internet]. [updated 2014 Feb 17; cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://sunsmart.org.uk/UV-the-sun-and-skin-cancer/when-do-i-need-to-protect-myself/
  5. Cancer Research UK. UV, the sun and skin cancer. [Internet] [updated 2014 Feb 17; cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://sunsmart.org.uk/UV-the-sun-and-skin-cancer/  
  6. Sunscreen and Sun Safety Fact sheet. © British Association of Dermatologists 2009
  7. Cancer Research UK. Radiotherapy and your skin.[Internet] [updated 2015 May 2; cited 2015 May ]. Available from: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/cancers-in-general/treatment/radiotherapy/side effects/general/radiotherapy-and-your-skin
  8. World Health Organisation - What are simple steps for sun protection? Accessed 9/12/11. http://www.who.int/features/qa/40/en/
  9.  SunSmart campaign – Cancer Research UK sunsmart.org.uk
  10. Skin cancer prevention: information, resources and environmental changes (PH32) January 2011. http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/PH32

 

Good things about the sun 

  1. http://sunlightenment.com/six-important-things-the-sun-does-for-you/
  2. http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/sun-happiness.htm
  3. Norval M, Wulf HC. Does chronic sunscreen use reduce vitamin D production to insufficient levels? Br. J. Dermatol. 2009;161(4):732–6
  4. MacKie RM. Vitamin D in treated melanoma patients on follow up. Br. J. Dermatol. 2010;162(3):697
  5.  Rice SA, Carpenter M, Vearncombe LM, Baird J, Healy E. Can healthy adults maintain sufficient vitamin D levels without ultraviolet radiation? Implications for prevention of skin cancer. Br. J. Dermatol. 2010;163(Supple. 1):58–9

 

The damage sun can do

  1. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cancer-of-the-skin/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  2. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/type/skin-cancer/about/types-of-skin-cancer
  3. Stern RS, Weinstein MC ,Baker PG. Risk reduction for nonmelanoma skin cancer with childhood sunscreen use. Arch Dermatol 122:537-545. 1986 /the-sun-and-its-effects.aspx
  4. Hiom S (2006).Public awareness regarding UV risks and vitamin D – the challenges for UK skin cancer prevention campaigns. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 92: 161-6
  5. Cancer Research UK. Skin cancer incidence statistics. [Internet] [updated 2014 Apr 22;cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from:http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/uk-skin-cancer-incidence-statistics
  6. Like most cancers, skin cancer is more common with increasing age, but malignant melanoma is disproportionately high in younger people. Cancer Research UK: UK incidence statistics. Age trends. http://info. cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/#AgeTrends (Accessed March 2011).
  7. Cancer Council Australia. http://www.cancer.org.au/aboutcancer/cancertypes/melanoma.htm (Accessed March 2011)
  8. Vallejo-Torres L, Morris S, Kinge JM, Poirier V, Verne J.l Measuring current and future cost of skin cancer in England. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 36(1): 140-148. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdt032
  9. Flament F, Bazin R, Laquieze, Rubert V, Simonpietri E, Piot B. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of aging in Caucasian skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2013;6: 221-232

 

Face suncare

  1. Flament F, Bazin R, Laquieze, Rubert V, Simonpietri E, Piot B. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of aging in Caucasian skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2013;6: 221-232.
  2. Highest available in Australia (AS/NZS 2604:2012; very high SPF50+ Broad Spectrum)

 

Special ingredients 

  1. Australian/New Zealand standard. Sunscreen products – Evaluation and Classification AS/NZS 2604:2012
  2. Grosick TL, Hollis V. Making sensitive skin less sensitive. J Am Acad Dermatol (poster)
  3. Möller H, Ansmann A, Wallat S. The effects of Vitamin E on the skin in topical applications. Lecture presented at the DGF Vitamin E symposium in Bochum 1989; March 4.

 

Dying for a tan

  1. Flament F, Bazin R, Laquieze, Rubert V, Simonpietri E, Piot B. Effect of the sun on visible clinical signs of aging in Caucasian skin. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2013;6: 221-232.
  2. Sunscreen and Sun Safety Fact sheet. © British Association of Dermatologists 2009
  3. NHS BSA prescription services, prescription cost analysis England 2014 data
  4. Boniol M, Autier P, Boyle P, Gandini S. Correction to Cutaneous melanoma attributable to sunbed use: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2012;345:e8503. Journal 
  5. ‘From Dying for a Tan’ article (IARC 2007). Dermatological Nursing 2015, Vol.14, No.1.
  6. Gerber, B., et al., Ultraviolet emission spectra of sunbeds. Photochem Photobiol, 2002. 76: p. 664-8. PubMed 
  7. Ma W et al. Chronological ageing and photoageing of the fibroblasts and the dermal connective tissue. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2001 Oct;26(7):592-9. PubMed 
  8. Cancer Research UK. Skin cancer incidence statistics. [Internet] [updated 2014 Apr 22;cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/uk-skin-cancer-incidence-statistics
  9. Cancer Council Australia. http://www.cancer.org.au/aboutcancer/cancertypes/melanoma.htm (Accessed March 2011)
  10. AS/NZS 2604:2012; Very High, SPF 50+, Broad Spectrum

 

Information for professionals

  1. NHS BSA prescription services, prescription cost analysis England 2014 data
  2. Cancer Research UK: Cancer incidence for common cancers – UK statistics http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/incidence/commoncancers/#All (Accessed March 2011).
  3. Over the last 25 years, rates of malignant melanoma in Britain have risen faster than any of the top ten cancers in males and females. Cancer Research UK. Skin cancer incidence statistics. [Internet] [updated 2014 Apr 22;cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/uk-skin-cancer-incidence-statistics
  4. Like most cancers, skin cancer is more common with increasing age, but malignant melanoma is disproportionately high in younger people. Cancer Research UK: UK incidence statistics. Age trends. http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/skin/incidence/#AgeTrends (Accessed March 2011).
  5. Cancer Council Australia. Melanoma. [Internet] [updated 2015 Apr 15; cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/ skin-cancer/melanoma.html
  6. Vallejo-Torres L, Morris S, Kinge JM, Poirier V, Verne J.l Measuring current and future cost of skin cancer in England. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 36(1): 140-148. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdt032
  7. Highest available in Australia (AS/NZS 2604:2012; Very High, SPF 50+ Broad Spectrum)
  8. Green AC, Wallingford SC, McBride P. Childhood exposure to ultraviolet radiation and harmful skin effects: epidemiologicalevidence. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 2011 Dec;107(3):349-55

 

Information for parents

  1. Seidenari S, Giusti G, Bertoni L, Magnoni C, Pellacani G. Thickness and echogenicity of the skin in children as assessed by 20-MHz ultrasound. Dermatology 2000; 201 (3): 218–222.
  2. SunSmart campaign – Cancer Research UK sunsmart.org.uk
  3. Skin cancer prevention: information, resources and environmental changes (PH32) January 2011. http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/PH32
  4. ‘The Framework for School Inspection’ – January 2014 . http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/resources/framework-for-school-inspection

 

How to use SunSense

  1. Cancer Council Australia. Melanoma. [Internet] [updated 2015 Apr 15; cited 2015 Apr 20]. Available from: http://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/skin-cancer/melanoma.html

 

Australian standards

  1. Australian/New Zealand standard. Sunscreen products – Evaluation and Classification AS/NZS 2604:2012
  2. COLIPA Recommendation No 16 – Water resistance labelling. The European Cosmetic Toiletry & Perfumery Association. 2006
  3. Mum Panel survey October 2012, 27 participants. Data on file.
  4. BDNG Survey October 2012, 91 Participants. Data on file.